Despite regular brushing and flossing, tooth decay, gum disease, and tooth disease can still show up, sometimes a tooth cannot be saved by endodontic treatment or any other measures and a tooth extraction is necessary.
There are several reasons for extracting a tooth. These include:
- Severe Tooth Damage/Trauma :
- Malpositioned/Nonfunctioning Teeth :
- Orthodontic Treatment :Orthodontic treatment, such as braces, may require tooth extraction to make needed space for improved teeth alignment.
- Extra Teeth : Also referred to as supernumerary teeth, extra teeth may block other teeth from erupting.
- Fractured teeth
- Wisdom teeth : lack of space for eruption
Types of Tooth Extractions
There are two types of tooth extractions :
- Simple Extractions : These are performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth and are mostly done under a local anesthetic.
- Surgical Extractions : These involve teeth that cannot be easily seen or reached in the mouth, either because they have broken off at the gum line or they have not fully erupted. It is usually performed by oral surgeons, as it requires minor surgical procedure such as bone removal, removing and/or lifting and folding back all or part of the gum tissue to expose the tooth, or breaking the tooth into pieces (called tooth sectioning) followed by placement of sutures. Surgical extractions are done under local anesthesia .